Pakistan’s Supreme Court has upheld the acquittal of a Christian woman charged with blasphemy, standing by its earlier verdict that sparked days of protests, death threats and nationwide chaos.
The three-judge panel said arguments of the lawyer acting on behalf of the petitioners did not satisfy the judges.
“On merit, this petition is dismissed,” Chief Justice Asif Saeed Khosar said in court.
She is now free to leave the country. Unconfirmed Pakistani media reports said her two daughters have already gone to Canada, where they’ve been granted asylum.
Bibi is currently under guard at a secret location in Pakistan for her own safety.
‘Duty to protect’
Amnesty International issued a statement calling for her to be allowed to “reunite with her family and seek safety in a country of her choice”.
“The authorities must also resist and investigate any attempts to intimidate the Supreme Court. They have a duty to protect against threats of violence to harm religious minorities or the lives of judges or other government officials,” said Amnesty South Asia campaigner Rimmel Mohydin.
The 54-year old was arrested in 2009 after being accused of blasphemy following a quarrel with two female Muslim farm workers who refused to drink from a water container used by a Christian in a village in eastern Punjab province.
Bibi has always denied committing blasphemy.
The case became emblematic of fair trial concerns around Pakistan’s strict blasphemy laws.
The far-right Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan (TLP) threatened to hold protests if Bibi’s acquittal was not reversed.
Call for violence
TLP called for its members to be ready for action in a message sent to journalists prior to the ruling.
But most of its leaders remain in detention after a government crackdown, and few protesters could be seen at the court in Islamabad, where security appeared as normal.
That did not prevent those who did show up for the hearing from calling for violence against Bibi. “She deserves to be murdered according to shariah,” Hafiz Ehtisham Ahmed, an activist linked to the Red Mosque in Islamabad, told AFP news agency.
“If she goes abroad, don’t Muslims live there? If she goes out of Pakistan … anybody can kill her there.”
Blasphemy remains a massively inflammatory issue in Pakistan, where even unproven accusations of insulting Islam can prompt lynchings. Many cases see Muslims accusing Muslims, and rights activists say blasphemy charges are frequently used to settle personal scores.
Minorities, particularly Christians, are often caught in the crossfire.